Valladolid. Exhibition The trip of the prohibited books. Miguel Delibes. The heretic
Valladolid. Exhibition The trip of the prohibited books. Miguel Delibes. The heretic
The exhibition hall of the church of the Frenches happens for being one of the most spectacular and nicest inside our national territory. It is a question of a church that has been desacralizada and that has happened to turn into a space museístico or explanatory dependently on the Municipal Foundation of Culture of the Town hall of Valladolid. If we add an elegant explanatory programming to this incomparable continent we are before one of the best exhibition halls.
In this occasion and like preamble to, on one hand, the management fairs of the city and, for other, to the annual appointment with the SEMINCI it has been chosen to the figure of one of the big writers of the XXth century: Miguel Delibes.
The exhibition takes for title The trip of the prohibited books. Miguel Delibes. The heretic, and it us will penetrate, in a clear and didactic way, in the literary work of the author vallisoletano. The heretic saw the light in September, 1998 and the author in its dedication expressed its love to the city that saw it being born: To Valladolid, my city. It is a question of a singular sample, a trip for the novel from material testimonies of the narrated facts and of the sociocultural context in which they arise: books, engravings, documents, silver, sculpture, painting, furniture, ceramics, etc. It assembles a hundred of pieces proceeding from an about thirty of diverse institutions. Files, libraries and museums – so much national, as provincial or local-; churches of the provinces of Valladolid, Palencia and Zamora and of diverse foundations and particular collections, they have facilitated the pieces that shape the explanatory speech.
The opening was provided with the presence of the mayor of the city Francisco Javier de la Riva and Elisa Delibes Castro, daughter of the writer and the president of the Foundation Miguel Delibes. The sample is comisionariada for Alfonso León and Antonio Sánchez of the Quarter.
Of the Riva he stood out «special symbiosis of Miguel Delibes with Valladolid», emphasizing this «ideology delibeano of the resistance opposite to the injustice shown in the religious intolerance of the XVIth century. Elisa Delibes underlined: "The heretic is an unproved statement on the conscience freedom and that its father dedicated the novel to Valladolid «because it was the city who gave him the instrument of the word». Later he was grateful to all the employers who have made possible the exhibition thanks to which we can see a series of books and documents that proper Miguel Delibes consulted, as well as the material generated autographs, including the manuscript of the work.
The exhibition on one of our most universal writers is structured in five sections:
I. - The trip of the prohibited books. With this title there is evoked the trip to the Europe of Lutero that the protagonist of the novel does to acquire books and free printed matter and to bring them secretly to the Spain of the Emperor. Original works of Erasmo, Lutero and Calvino, together with books expurgated by the Inquisition, appear in this first chapter that presides at an extraordinary relief of Juan de Juni in which there is represented a «Fire of books».
«— in the year 30, ten big vats with books came to the port of Valencia in three Venetian three-masters. They were intercepted and the discovery set in guard to the Holy Office. The Lutero most sharp, all the written in Wartburg, in dozens of copies, was there. The Inquisition mounted a real faith car. […] the big consignments always attracted him To The Holy Office to mount with them a popular spectacle. […]
— the books fires have been in Spain habitual puzzles — he said to the end.»
II. - The Valladolid of The heretic. This chapter is dedicated to the Valladolid of the first half of the XVIth century, stage in which the life of Cipriano Salcedo develops. In him there learn passages of the novel related to the physical description of the town of that time, the wine and the vineyards like one of its main resources, the state of the medicine and the conditions of the childbearings, the first formative and "spiritual" occupations of the protagonist … culminating with its professional successes caused by the sale of novel textile manufactures and the international trade of cloths.
“Session between the rivers Pisuerga and Esgueva, the Valladolid of the second third of the XVIth century was a town of twenty-eight thousand inhabitants, city of services whom the Real Chancery and the nobility, it always attempts to the flirtation of the Court, they were giving him a clear social relief. […] The properly urban enclosure was circuido for gardens and fruit trees (almond trees, apple trees, acerolos) and these, in turn, for a wider circle of vineyards, which were spreading in rows over the hills and the plain, up to the end of which the streets of vines, covered with sheets and vine shoots in the summertime, were closing the visible horizon from the Hill of St Kitts to the Slope of The Maruquesa.”
III. - The conventículo of the illuminated ones. The fundamental plot of this paragraph is the tied one to the appearance of the focus erasmista of Valladolid. In him there happen interesting episodes that they take as a stage «conventículo of the illuminated ones» that is to say the residence of Mrs Leonor de Vivero. The inventory of this house before its demolition for the Holy Office, the famous Bible of the Bear (the first complete translation of the sacred text to the Spanish language) or a crucified Christ of Alonso Berruguete, there are some of the most important works gathered in this chapter.
«In this time, come up the decade, Valladolid turned into a big workshop of construction on which the years were happening without its feverish activity knowing rest.
Simultaneously to the erection of new buildings, there was born between the wealthy classes the need to condition them, to furnish them in accordance with the most demanding European esthetic norms.»
«[…] the walls were decorated for guadamecís gilded and, presiding at everything, on the bed, a professed ex-in charge crucifix to don Alonso de Berruguete.»
IV. - The Edict of Faith. It constitutes the culminating episode of the novel, instructively described by Delibes. The works and original documents that appear in this context have direct bearing on the institutions and the personages who lead the bloody ceremony, between that it is necessary to emphasize the graphic representations that they describe «in continuous history» the facts happened in the Main square and the Door of the Field of that Valladolid of the orthodoxy.
«[…] suddenly, a man entered with the escutcheon of the Order of Santo Domingo the breast, on the sayo, and two arquebusiers behind, aiming at him with its weapon. Cipriano joined, stepped back surprised:
— on behalf of the Inquisition, give to you prisoner — the deputy said.
It did not offer resistance.”
“Cipriano entered the visits room dazzled, the light feet, without crickets. After almost four months living in the humid half-light of the cell, the light of the sun was damaging the eyes, was dazzling him. […] Little by little it half-opened the eyelids and, then, it discerned before itself its uncle Ignacio. […] Then it gave him a good piece of news: they had promoted president of the Chancery, awaited thing since he was the most ancient of seventeen judges. The Chancery and the Holy Office had good relation and it had been authorized to visit him. […] Cipriano kept on looking at him astounded, the cowardly eyes. He was upset by the curtains, the visillos, the lace pañito in which there was resting the candelabrum, the ugly picture of Maria's Asunción on the couch. It was as if it had opened the eyes in a different, less hostile and inhuman world.»
“The bells had come to substitute the hammers, changeable but the same way ominous and terrible voices. On having stopped its sound, there begun being heard the rumor of the crowd, the helmets of the knighthood in the stone pavement, squeaking of the wheels of the carriages. Everything seemed to be to point. The big day, still without light, already had begun.”
V. - The heretic of Miguel Delibes. The epilogue of the exhibition is a space devoted to the author and its work. In him there are discovered the historical sources used in the process of creation of the book, numerous notes and remarks written for its making, the original manuscript of the novel and a selection of appointments that reflect the values that Miguel Delibes wanted to transmit in this big literary work.
«At this point, The Delibes heretic is a work of art that has been studied from many and different looks. Projected from the history it has been one of them, necessary certainly and however much its author was repeating that his did not want to be a “historical novel” to the use. And he was not lacking reason. Nevertheless, it would turn out to be incomprehensible if there is not born in mind the historical context in which there develops the tragic adventure of Cipriano Salcedo, who lives and suffers an enthusiasms time erasmistas truncated, of intellectual and spiritual freedom, and other, that of the Inquisition with fires of “Lutherans“ (who of course it were not), with fears of the books and of the reading, and with Erasmo and the erasmistas turned into heretics. There would be long the waiting of that truncated freedom, of the recovery of that humanism. And this of humanism does not recount so much to the historical one all that to that of Miguel Delibes and whom it encourages in its last novel, in the intention, in the fund, in its humanist forms.»
The sample will remain opened until October 27 in the following schedule:
SCHEDULE: From Tuesday until Saturdays, from 12,00 until 14,00 hours and
from 18,30 until 21,30 hours.
On Sundays, from 12,00 until 14,00 hours.
On Monday and festive, enclosure
Filed file: Exhibitions
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