To kill a nightingale or the birth of a hero: Atticus Finch
A nightingale of Harper Lee was taking time queriendo to do an entry on the personage Atticus of the novel Matar. And skylight while this happens, while the inspiration comes to me, since as says other, one spends the rice to me or what is the same (more vulgar) they escape from me live. I mean: There have just be fulfilled 50 years of the publication of the work and The Country has gone forward the idea (and time has saved me although he has begun for ground, insurance, a good work about that it was thinking). Last Saturday in its literary supplement Babelía they published article that left you next and realized, instructively, by Guillermo Altares.
Our magazine, Magazine Atticus, arose from the inspiration on having read the novel and to the visionar the movie (one of the best examples from adaptation of a novel to a screenplay). Atticus Finch is the central personage of the novel. In him a series of virtues meets, in the movie in the person of Gregory Peck, and it represents the values of a tolerant man before the intransigence, I joust opposite to the injustice and injustice, and a straight man who does what it must do to stay firm in its convictions with honesty and valor. A man, finally, who loves the good and hates the evil. It is by all this that the novel has been recommended, in repeated occasions, like a work of forced reading. We are in summer and be already he knows that we arrange of a little more of time pair the reading. Here we have a good occasion.
I leave to you the article that goes for title:
Atticus Finch, the silent hero
Published in The Country, Supplement Babelia 8/7/2010
Readership and criticism celebrate the narrative force and big lesson of coexistence and of equality of Killing a nightingale in the 50th anniversary of its publication. The only novel that Harper Lee has written is considered to be a contemporary outstanding figure
50 years have happened since Atticus Finch taught to its children that “one does not understand really a person until it does not get into its skin and walks inside her”, and since this southern lawyer was deciding to defend Tom Robinson, a black accused of violation in the Alabama of the thirties, impoverished by the Big Depression and established in a racism that seemed unremovable. He knew that its possibilities of achieving justice were void, but as he explains to its daughter, “the one that we should have lost hundred years before starting is not a motive so that we do not try to win”. It has passed half a century since the brothers Jem and Scout and its friend Dill - personage inspired by a child called Truman Capote - remained caught by an unhealthy curiosity before the figure that was inhabiting the most worrying house of Maycomb, Boo Radley, to end up by discovering that it is never necessary to allow to take for the prejudices. Half a century ago, Nelle Harper Lee published that to Kill a nightingale and this summer the homage has multiplied to one of the masterpieces of the American literature, events that have been marked by an absence more than significant: that of the proper authoress.
Nelle Harper Lee (Alabama, 1926) published its only book in 1960, when he was 34 years old: it was an immediate success (till now more than thirty million copies have sold, according to Publishers Weekly) and on the following year it gained the Award Pulitzer. The wonderful movie of Robert Mulligan, released only two years later, in that Gregory Peck personifies an unforgettable Atticus Finch (the Oscar took), a performance that remains beaten to the retina and to the heart as the sound-track of Elmer Bernstein keeps on floating in the unconscious one, it did not do any more that to increase the social impact of a novel that is capable of diving in the wounds of the life and of a country without hurting, but without doing authorizations, with a look that can look like an innocent person, but that it is not by no means.
When the novel was published, Harper Lee granted a few interviews, but to a little time he decided to flee of the reputation and since then she lives hidden, although not imprisoned, between its hometown, Monroeville (Alabama) and New York. Occasionally, it appears to gather some award, shy and affectionate simultaneously with its readership. In YouTube (http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=V_98W3IQCx8), it can a video of the writer turns receiving an award in 2007 in Birmingham (a key city in the movement of the civil rights, as it it was its own book). He chats with the whole world, embraces children who have come to see it, but when it rises to the stage, after a tremendous applause, only he manages to say: "It had a prepared speech, but my heart is too replete to be able to pronounce it. Only I manage to thank you for one of the happiest days of my life”.
In 2007, Veronica Peck, the widow of the protagonist of Killing a nightingale, convinced it so that it was coming to a homage to the movie in Hollywood. The only phrase that it pronounced in public was: "It is better to remain quiet than to stay like a fool”. Although every year is rumored that one will show in the recreation of the judgment to Tom Robinson who is celebrated in Monroeville - a city that has turned into a species of thematic park of the book and the movie - he always apologizes.
In the end, there stay the words that are mixed by the images of Robert Mulligan, there stay the children who discover the world and face a history loaded with injustices, the struggle remains for the dignity of a lawyer and the history of a father who wants to protect its children without concealing the miseries of the world in which they live, and there stays a phrase - “when he was almost 13 years old, my brother Jem suffered a break in the elbow” - with the one that starts a novel that keeps on winning readership in the whole world. “I believe that there are three reasons for which the people Kill repeatedly a nightingale again”, tells Charles J. Shields, author of the only biography of the authoress (not authorized, naturally, although celebrated by the criticism when it was published four years ago), Mockingbird. To portrait of Harper Lee (Nightingale. A portrait of Harper Lee).“ First, because it is a good history and there will always be place in our shelves for the good histories. Second, because the book treats an essential topic everywhere: the challenge of living in peace with the people who is different. And third, because this novel shares something with many other big literary creations: he asks you. What would you do? Would you defend what you believe just person as Atticus although you face the criticism and even the hate?”, makes sure Shields in a made out by e-mail.
Miscellany of fiction and memories of infancy - the voice of the narrator is that of Harper Lee as Maycomb is Monroeville, its hometown - to Kill a nightingale is also a homage to the paternal figure, to its incorruptible valor (“this is its country: we have forged it this way and more it costs that they learn to accept it as it is”, affirms Atticus), to the human and physical sceneries of the infancy that shape what we are and with that we come across constantly throughout the years. These weeks the Anglo-Saxon press has filled with articles about Harper Lee, which turn on the mystery of an authoress who never went so far as to write the second novel, on its relation with Truman Capote, some reporters have smelled bad in Monroeville, without obtaining an interview almost so valued as that of Thomas Pynchon (although He Reads, in contrast to J. D. Salinger, he hides from the reputation, not from the world), but over all of them it flies over the same question: where from does the force arise of Killing a nightingale? “It is fascinating and painful and entertaining. Scout and its father, Atticus Finch, are figures icónicas for the Americans, because they do what they owe in the necessary moment”, has said the writer of best sellers Tracy Chevalier. The proper authoress referred to the topic four years ago when he accepted to come in Tuscaloosa (Alabama) to a modest ceremony: the delivery of the awards to the best school essays on its book and it allowed a The New York Times journalist to be present.“ They always see new things in the novel. And there seems incredible to me the form in which they relate it to its lives”. Perhaps the mystery of Killing a nightingale is precisely in that, in how it is capable of speaking to each of us, in the form in which it goes to our own memories, in how the figure of Atticus Finch, this so proper personage of the American fiction, the secret hero, ready to act in silence for the others without taking a glory not even apex, belongs also to our lives. Since it happens with other major breakthroughs of the literature, to Kill a nightingale is deeply related to a time and a space, without which it cannot be understood - the Old South during the Big Depression - (as The Ocelot narrates a key moment of the history of Italy or War and peace describes the Napoleón defeat in Russia); but it is simultaneously a universal history that is transmitted from one generation to other one.
Nevertheless, in one of the last interviews that it granted, in 1964, Harper Lee made sure that he never thought that its book should to work.“ He believed that the novel was not going to be successful, but rather everything opposite happened. Up to a point, the success scared me that there was producing to me the rapid death for that he was waiting in hands of a few critics”. Daughter of a publisher of newspapers and prestigious lawyer, never finished its right studies, but he went away to New York to look for the life and to fight with a manuscript, which was late four years in completing (with several rewriting induced by its agent and by its publisher). In this adventure towards the literature it was provided with the help of its friend of the infancy, Truman Capote, whom in turn he accompanied in its most difficult trip when, in the winter 1959, he decided to go to Holcolm (Kansas) to investigate the slaughter of the family Clutter. Cape is an essential personage in Killing a nightingale, the child Dill, while Harper Lee also appears under the name of Idabel in its first novel, published in 1948, Other voices, other ambiences.“ The thin girl of llameante and short red hair entered with a boastful air and stopped completely immobile, with the hands in the hips. Its face was flat and rather impertinent. A network of enormous and ugly freckles was crossing the nose”, he writes Cape. That friendship and that trip from which there would arise another masterpiece of the American literature, In cold blood (the not fiction novel fundacional of the new journalism), have remained reflected in two movies that were released simultaneously in 2006: Cape and History of a crime. The biographer Shields recognizes Harper Lee in two actresses who personified it, Catherine Keener and Sandra Bullock, and recognizes the personage, this woman “intelligent, sharp, sure and good narrator of histories”. That winter was decisive, vital and in a literary way, for two writers, who ended up by drifting apart with the time. Although she helped him not only in the investigation of the crimes, but also in the organization of the notes, Harper Lee does not appear in the thanks of A cold blood. The bad languages have affirmed whenever Cape never recovered from the enormous success of its friend of the infancy. The one that certainly did not recover from that success was proper Harper Lee. After having sold 2,5 million copies in its first year, the publishers, its friends and also the journalists were not stopping asking the same question to him: for when the second book? “I suppose that in this matter I have to quote Scarlett O'Hara: ' I will think already about it tomorrow”, he answered once. Up to a point, to Kill a nightingale came alive own and overcame its authoress.
In its biography, Charles J. Shields reconstructs a holiday that two personages of the cultural life of New York organized in honor of Harper Lee on eve of the publication of its novel. The same day the magazine Steals it was taking in its front a young leader who was on the point of being nominated a democratic candidate for the presidency: John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Shields remembers the most famous moment of its speech of acceptance:“ We are before a new border - the sixties - a border of opportunities and unsuspected dangers, a border of unfulfilled hopes but also of threats”. These words sum up the moment in which he is born to Kill a nightingale, a world in which everything was going to change so that nothing was still equal. Fifty years later, after having overcome the border of a new century, the JFK speech has the whole sense, as it is had by the portrait of a people of Alabama across the eyes of a girl. Over all of them, of Scout, Dill and Jem, of proper Harper Lee, of Gregory Peck and Robert Mulligan, of Old South and of Big Depression, there arises the figure of Atticus Finch, the man who pronounces these words:“ He wanted that you were discovering what is the real value, son, instead of believing that a man personifies it with a gun. One is brave when, knowing that the battle is lost in advance, it tries it in spite of everything and fights until the end, whatever happens. One wins rarely, but one day it wins”.
You photograph: Except the first one published by The Country the others are extracted from the network.
Entry realized by Luisjo
Filed file: General
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